7. 1a Design of Healing Garden functionality beds, observations

29.09.2015
functionalitybeds_wordsandnumbers

In July one of the wwoof´ers, Vincent, did this drawing to scale of the functionality beds in The Healing Garden on Fejø. As it is, we have plants in the beds, but is much too random. So we want the design to help us analyse which plants and possibilities we have, what we want to achieve and how to get there.

We want the functionality beds in these categories:
Serve Yourself Bed for the guests of the garden – the guests are welcome to serve themselves and take plants (leaves, petals, flowers, and seeds) for further experiment and try outs at home)
Tapas bed (with tapas we mean plants that have a fairly nice taste for most people and that can readily be used to eat raw as well as cooked in various ways, such as pesto, smoothie, salad, tapas, tea, soup, stuffing, bread
Tea bed – plants and herbs good for teas
“Snaps” bed – which means plants that are good in alcohol
Poison plants – we keep the poisonous plants in one bed in order to better be able to identify them.

Once the plants are no longer “one big mess” it will be easier to make signs and in that respect the design also serves as a tool for the guests to be able to better orientate themselves in the garden and make use of the plants even when there is no guide around.

On an overall view level we want in all beds:
– trees and/or bigger shrubs
– smaller shrubs
– lower herbs
– ground cover
– insect attractors
– nitrogen fixers
– mineral accumulators (Lou kan lave en liste over disse, det er fx. kulsukker, brændenælde, havesyre (lange rødder), lucerne)

Today together with our wwoof’er I did a first observation of the functionality beds using OBREDIMET as the design tool. We have at a couple of occasions used the Design Web whilst working on the functionality beds, but the thoughts from this I will not use today. OBREDIMET is acronym for:
Observe
Barriers
Ressources
Evaluate
Design
Implement
Maintain
Evaluate
Tweaking

We started with observation of the first half of the Serve Yourself Bed, bed nr. 1A and 1B. The idea is to take a photo again in one years time. We expect de the design to be ready in a good week´s time and in late half of Oct we intend to move the plants around, just as we have designed it.

We have a nice flowering flow in this bed from early spring til autumn.

functionalitybeds_1APhoto of southern end of bed 1A from 29.09.2015

All the beds face south/north and they get sun throughout the day. This first bed is quite shelters from the winds (north, northeast, east, south, west and south west). The groundcover is growing too strongly for these herbs, this type of ground cover will serve better under trees and larger perennials, i.e fennel, lovage, lægestokrose, hjortetrøst. So we will move this ground cover.
The tree in this bed is peach with a ground cover of various clovers and lucerne, which are also nitrogen fixers, this is fine.
We want other groundcovers as skovjordbær, vejbred, citrontimian, tallerkensmækker in this bed.
Several mint varieties, get them out of their pots so they can grow and spread freely. Mint is such a great plant for so many things, we want mint abundance! We need to know the names of the various mints and be able to identify them.

There is a more or less empty space where we grew garlic i 2014. We see this space as a good space for the annuals and we are thinking of sewing the annuals in pots and plant them into the bed; partly for slug control reasons.
We are going to have to water this bed with annuals during the dry periods. We plan to attach tagrender to the roof of the mulling toilet cabin as well as the tool cabin in order to save rainwater for this. We can also save rainwater from the roof of the info cabin.
For annuals we want: garlic, calendula, chamomille, borage, tallerkensmækker, tagetes, persille, koriander, dill

Timian along the edge of the beds
Havtorn (in bed 2A) is nitrogen fixing
Blodkløver and lucerne are nitrogenfixers
Applemint
Rasberry
Røllike
Skovjordbær
Melissa
Vejbred
Perikum
Oregano
Rødbladet syre – mineral accumulator
Sommerfuglebusk – dig out and give to friends, no healing qualities although good for sommerfugle
Kulsukker

The heavy clay soil  is coming on, but it is still a little too compact, we are going to do more mulching and we are going to place a few large stones in bed 1A for improving the microclimate.

Observation of next bed, bed no 1B

functionalitybeds_1BPhoto of southern end of bed 1B from 29.09.2015

In bed 1B we observe that it has somehow become broader, so we will measure it up and narrow it a bit.

Many small malva
melissa
red rumex
kl 8 blomst
BIG salvie, perennial shrub
valeriana
red valeriana, we keep it for the beauty of the colour of the flower and for the insects
mints, maybe water mint?
bjergmynte
Curry plant, make aflæggere
Sar/bønneurt
loads og timian
purløg
kinesisk purløg
Sclarea
lancetbladet vejbred
St. Johns Wort
kransburre

El – nitrogen fixer
In bed 2B we observe the tomatoes and the need for a space for this annual potent medicinal plant. We have another free space at the northern end of bed 2A, so we decide that we can swop tomato bed and hemp/sunflower bed every year, since we need all these plants in the functionality beds. We can use tallerkensmækker and various cucumber/squash/melon plants as ground covers and do a lot of mulching in these beds.

Thoughts for tapas beds: malva, havesyre, kløver, æblemynte.

functionaltybed_2BBed 2B from the south view on 20.09.2015

functionaltybed_2A

Bed 2A from the south view on 20.09.2015

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